Websites in progress: Katrina Peed Izzy Kornman Virginia Spinks Sheena Desai Helen Zehan Hou Sam Nichamin Aaron Levey Nick Lal Joseph North Cody Perez Chelsea Walton Gideon Weiss Ajay Harish
Sample work by former students: Kelli Ryan, Claire Batty, Aldo Atienza, Vanessa Casalegno, Judith Martinez, and Charlotte West
English 212W: Melodrama in Culture and Politics
Melodrama is the dominant art form of modern, industrialized democracies. In any given year since cinema was invented, most of the top-grossing film and game genres are melodramas, continuing themes established on the 19th-century stage. Melodrama significantly influences nearly all forms of contemporary 21st-century public discourse, including both journalism and political speech. Originating as an iconography of democratic revolution--good workers, evil aristocrats--melodrama has been adapted to the propaganda of left, right, and middle. We'll look at classic examples of melodrama on stage and screen, consider the use and abuse of melodramatic rhetoric, and examine the way melodrama operates pervasively throughout contemporary global culture as an organizing mode of thought.
This course is dedicated to the memory of Amiri Baraka, October 7, 1934 – January 9, 2014. I am the people—the mob—the crowd—the mass… Sometimes I growl, shake myself and spatter a few red drops for history to remember. Then—I forget. When I, the People, learn to remember, when I, the People, use the lessons of yesterday and no longer forget who robbed me last year, who played me for a fool—then there will be no speaker in all the world say the name: "The People," with any fleck of a sneer in his voice or any far-off smile of derision. The mob—the crowd—the mass—will arrive then.—Carl Sandburg.
Books to purchase
Linda Williams, Playing the Race Card: Melodramas of Black and White from Uncle Tom to O. J. Simpson
Ken Knabb, Situationist International Anthology
Suzan-Lori Parks, The America Play and Other Works
Langston Hughes, The Collected Poems of Langston Hughes (Vintage Classics)
Lorraine Hansberry, A Raisin in the Sun: The Unfilmed Original Screenplay
Francesca Polletta, Passionate Politics: Emotions and Social Movements
Amiri Baraka, The LeRoi Jones/Amiri Baraka Reader (Basic Books)
Richard Wright, Uncle Tom's Children
Clifford Odets, Waiting for Lefty and Other Plays (Grove Press)
Upton Sinclair, The Jungle: The Uncensored Original Edition (See Sharp Press)
Chris Bachelder, US! (out of print; please buy now used online)
Jack London, any edition of The Iron Heel such as this free ebook (I've ordered the expensive Library of America edition of his Novels and Social Writings into the bookstore, but you do NOT need that edition)
Many useful items are on reserve in Woodruff Library including:
Bruce McConachie, Melodramatic Formations: American Theatre and Society, 1820-1870
Peter Brooks, The melodramatic imagination: Balzac, Henry James, melodrama, and the mode of excess.
Megan Sanborn Jones, Performing American identity in anti-Mormon melodrama.
Peter Linebaugh and Marcus Rediker, The many-headed hydra : sailors, slaves, commoners, and the hidden history of the revolutionary Atlantic.
Marcia Landy, ed. Imitations of life : a reader on film & television melodrama.
Jackie Byars, All that Hollywood allows : re-reading gender in 1950s melodrama.
Michael Hays and Anastasia Nikolopoulou. Melodrama : the cultural emergence of a genre.
E. Ann Kaplan, Motherhood and representation : the mother in popular culture and melodrama.
David Grimsted, Melodrama Unveiled: American Theater and Culture, 1800-1850.
Daniel Gerould, American Melodrama.
Barbara Klinger, Melodrama and meaning : history, culture, and the films of Douglas Sirk.
Susan Gillman, Blood talk : American race melodrama and the culture of the occult.
This course fulfills Emory’s Continuing Writing requirement and adheres to the CWPA framework for postsecondary writing. It also participates in the Domain of One’s Own initiative. As part of the Domain of One’s Own project you will author and administer a personal website and compose with a variety of digital tools. However, no technological expertise is required to do well in this course. There are three tiers of support for your digital publication. The first tier is the Writing Center, where every tutor has been specially trained in supporting digital publication. The second tier of support is the Writing Program staff coordinator, who can answer nearly any question that stumps a tutor. The program coordinator's efforts are fully backstopped by the technical support of the Emory Center for Digital Scholarship. The coordinator will refer you to appropriate support at ECDS if he cannot help.
The main thing to understand is that you will write frequently; you will digitally publish much of this writing and have the chance to revise what you publish.
Once you have completed the course, the site you built is yours to continue to develop into a personal cyberinfastructure that may include, but is not limited to, course projects, a professional portfolio, resume/CV documents, social media feeds, and blogs. I've been teaching with digital publication since 1998. In my archives you can see excellent student work by Kelli Ryan, Claire Batty, Aldo Atienza, Vanessa Casalegno, Judith Martinez, and Charlotte West, among others.
What is Domain of One's Own? (slideshare)
Schedule (draft; please expect minor changes)
Part 1 Introduction
Tu Jan 14 Welcome & discussion: melodrama vs realism, naturalism, modernism, and sentiment. In class screening: selections from Rocky and Bulwinkle, Dudley-Do-Right, and a Perils of Pauline tribute compilation. Join course blog.
Th Jan 16 Bousquet, Harry Potter, the 'War on Evil,' and the Melodramatization of Public Culture On course blog: Quote a few lines of a Harry Potter novel or other cultural artifact that seem melodramatic to you. Explain why. Rewrite the passage in a non-melodramatic way.
Part 2 Melodrama: Good or Bad?
Tu Jan 21 Ben Singer, “Melodrama and the Consequences of Capitalism,” (on 3-hour reserve), plus read the Communist manifesto: http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-manifesto
On the course blog, try to identify elements of the Manifesto that seem melodramatic to you. Explain your reasoning.
Th Jan 23 Dion Boucicault, The Poor of New York and J.S. Jones, The People's Lawyer. In assigned groups out of class, do selective staged readings of the plays. Use the blog to identify two or three very short passages (30 secs each) that your group might perform in the class. Try to focus on scenes that allow you to critique or celebrate melodrama. Explain your choices. Several performances will take place in class.
TU Jan 28 and Th Jan 30: SNOW cancellations, much enjoyed by all.
Tu Feb 4 MEETS IN CALLAWAY S104 Linda Williams Ch 1 “The American Melodramatic Mode” and Chapter 3,“Anti-Tom and Birth of a Nation” Also screen Walt Disney, Mickey’s Mellerdrammer (1933, 8 mins). By Monday noon: Publish three questions about Disney, Williams or any of the texts she discusses to our class blog. Before class: Try to research and answer three questions from other students. You may not answer questions that others have answered, unless you disagree significantly and you are prepared to prove your position.
Th Feb 6 Birth of a Nation. Screen yourself with at least one and at most two classmates, using the Internet Archive or a dvd. Keep a diary of your reactions to the film, illustrating the diary with screenshots, using a program such as Storify. Your diaries can be separate or in dialogue with each other. Publish a link to the completed effort on the course blog. Make sure that you refer to other course texts in the final published version. Discussion of annotated bibliographies and literature review. Powerpoint how-to and printable version.
Tu Feb 11 and Th Feb 13 SNOW cancellations, again much enjoyed.
Part 3 Naming the Enemy
Tu Feb 18 Elisabeth Anker, Villains, victims and heroes : Melodrama, media, and September 11 and chapter 7 of Williams, “Trials of Black and White.” Use presentation software such as Powerpoint or Prezi to present the following in thoughtful context: a) Two examples of media stories that are completely unrelated to 9/11 or similar themes that seem to you to confirm Anker’s views; b) Two stories that Williams helps you to analyze; c) Two stories or issues where you think a melodramatic approach to journalism might be justified (again, avoiding 9/11 related themes). Share your presentation via a link on the course blog.
Th Feb 20 MEETS IN CALLAWAY C201 Discussion of website creation. (Begin reading The Jungle) We will be using Weebly for sitebuilding. It is up ot you whether you pay to register a domain name or use a free Weebly "subdomain" (which puts Weebly badges on your pages and adds weebly.com to all of your pages). You can convert from free to paid at any time.
In essence, at this time you will be building two websites: a home or hub site, and one project site. The home or hub site will usually have at least three pages: home, coursework, and about me. The project site will have a different look. At this time the project site will have two pages, home and manifesto (see homework below). You will eventually create more pages for this site and other project sites. Typically different project sites will have different looks or visual themes, reflecting the different content and aims. The home and about me pages will have content of your choosing. The coursework page should be formatted like my model page, with links to all of the work you've done in this class. On your coursework page and the home page for any project site for this class, you should have three informational links: to the Domain of One's own slideshare, to this syllabus and my real home page (marcbousquet.net, not the weebly version).
Tu Feb 25 Discuss Upton Sinclair, The Jungle. On your website, publish a manifesto describing a contemporary issue that you think should be written about this way. Be careful to choose an issue that you are willing to spend significant time researching, just as Sinclair researched his novels. Use hyperlinks to external sites to illustrate your manifesto.
Th Feb 27 MEETS IN CALLAWAY C201 Upton Sinclair, The Jungle
Class discussion will be based on this wiki assignment.
Tu Mar 4 Langston Hughes, “Good Morning, Revolution,” “White Man,” “Our Spring,” “Song of the Revolution,” “Revolution,” “Johannesburg Mines,” “Black Workers,” “Cubes,” “Poet to Patron,” “Advertisement for the Waldorf Astoria,", “Air Raid over Harlem: Scenario for a Black Movie," “Goodbye, Christ." Write a poem (or make a digital artifact) imitating or engaging one of the selections and publish it to your website. Annotate your poem or artifact with internal links.
Th Mar 6 At home: screen Sergei Eisenstein, The Battleship Potemkin and keep a diary as you watch that imagines the resolution of your contemporary issue in terms that somehow relate to the film. Who are the agents of change? What obstacles do they face? Who benefits from the status quo? Create a digital story of this diary with screenshots from the film or a Bitstrips comic, Voki, Goanimate or Animoto video sketch for a film you are imagining. Discussion of research hypertext assignment and topic selection.
Tu Mar 18 Read the Introduction and two other chapters of Passionate Politics. Revise your manifesto into a proposal for a research hypertext, citing your reading. Include a clear proposal for an original research contribution, such as gathering material from social media, interviewing or surveying human subjects, etc. Class discussion of the ethics of working with human subjects (journalistic values vs institional research protocols, eg)
Th Mar 20 Chris Bachelder, US!
Tu Mar 25 Suzan-Lori Parks, The America Play/ Annotated bibliography due.
Part 4 Melodramatic Art and Social Action
Th Mar 27 V for Vendetta. Literature review due in the form of a Bitstrips comic. Powerpoint how-to for lit reviews with printable version.
Tu April 1 Hypertext workshop
Th April 3 Hypertext workshop
Tu April 8 Hypertext due/required conference
Th April 10 Situationist International Anthology, selections. In class: Preparing for tactical media project: brainstorming, review issues with human subjects and use of a release form. View in class: Public Option Annie, together with examples of network coverage and related websites, both satirical and sincere, exploring the relationship between play, culture, and serious purpose. Special focus: the YesMen.
Also: selections from Agit-Pop, Tactical Media Files, Critical Art Ensemble, The Contagious Festival, Political Remix Video, the Bitfilm Politicool Awards, and Indymedia US, YesMen, Adbusters, smartmeme, memefest, rebelart, Total Recut, Republicorp and Brave New Films.
Proposal for social-action YouTube video (or other tactical media) due on blog.
Tu April 15 Scripts and storyboards due.
Th April 17 MEETS IN CALLAWAY C201 Shooting scripts due
Tu April 22 Production day/voluntary conferences
Th April 24 MEETS IN CALLAWAY C201 Video screening
Th May 8 Digital Portfolios due, including revised research hypertext, tactical media project with printable white paper, and reflective learning essay.
The Emory Writing Center is located in Callaway N-212. It offers 45-minute individual conferences to Emory College and Laney Graduate School students. EWC tutors can talk with you about your purpose, organization, audience, design choices, or use of sources. They can also work with you on sentence-level concerns (including grammar and word choice), but they won’t proofread for you. Instead, they’ll discuss strategies and resources you can use to become a better editor of your own work. They encourage writers to schedule appointments in advance and encourage you to bring a laptop if you're working on a digital or multi-modal text.
Multilingual students are a tremendous asset to any classroom, bringing a wealth of knowledge, culture and perspective to their peers. If you speak more than one language, please feel encouraged to develop research projects in a language other than English. Multilingual students who consider themselves English learners have substantial support for English-language communication of all types through ESL Services, including free one-on-one tutoring.
Electronic Devices will commonly be part of the learning experience in this class.
However, using a device for activities unrelated to the learning experience commonly distracts you, your neighbors, and me. It's often perceived as disrespectful by others. In many cases the quality of learning suffers. Acceptable technology use policies are a matter of everyone's wellbeing, not individual choice. To secure the integrity of the learning environment, I've adapted some policy language developed by the CU School of Education and other sources. These policies apply to but are not limited to: cell phones, tablets, voice recorders, cameras and laptops.
1) All electronic devices must be turned off until there is explicit direction to use them for learning activities. Notes should be taken on paper and digitally transferred at another time.
2) You may not record the voice or image of any member of the class without their explicit permission, including the instructor and guest speakers.
3) Students with disabilities or exceptional needs, who require electronic or assistive devices for their day-to-day functioning in the academic setting, may coordinate the use of electronics during class sessions with me.
4) Students using any electronic device in class for an activity not related to the learning experience, or without my permission, will receive a verbal warning on the first occasion. If a second occasion occurs, I'll email you a written warning, indicating that this activity affects my assessment of your participation in the class and will affect your final grade. A third event will result in an invitation to withdraw and/or additional serious penalties to your final grade.
5) In the event you face an urgent situation and expect emergency contact, please discuss the situation with me before class. We'll arrange for you to leave the class session in response to a silent notification on your cell phone.